1. Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism
The Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism (GICNT) is an international partnership of 83 nations and 4 official observers working to improve capacity on a national and international level for prevention, detection, and response to a nuclear terrorist event. Partners join the GICNT by endorsing the Statement of Principles, a set of broad nuclear security objectives. GICNT partner nations organize and host workshops, conferences, and exercises to share best practices for implementing the Statement of Principles. The GICNT also holds Plenary meetings to discuss improvements and changes to the partnership.
Statement of Principles
- Develop, if necessary, and improve accounting, control and physical protection systems for nuclear and other radioactive materials and substances.
- Enhance security of civilian nuclear facilities.
- Improve the ability to detect nuclear and other radioactive materials and substances in order to prevent illicit trafficking in such materials and substances, to include cooperation in the research and development of national detection capabilities that would be interoperable.
- Improve capabilities of participants to search for, confiscate, and establish safe control over unlawfully held nuclear or other radioactive materials and substances or devices using them.
- Prevent the provision of safe haven to terrorists and financial or economic resources to terrorists seeking to acquire or use nuclear and other radioactive materials and substances.
- Ensure adequate respective national legal and regulatory frameworks sufficient to provide for the implementation of appropriate criminal and, if applicable, civil liability for terrorists and those who facilitate acts of nuclear terrorism.
- Improve capabilities of participants for response, mitigation, and investigation, in cases of terrorist attacks involving the use of nuclear and other radioactive materials and substances, including the development of technical means to identify nuclear and other radioactive materials and substances that are, or may be, involved in the incident.
- Promote information sharing pertaining to the suppression of acts of nuclear terrorism and their facilitation, taking appropriate measures consistent with their national law and international obligations to protect the confidentiality of any information which they exchange in confidence.
Cambodian constitution in 1993 prohibits the manufacture, use and storage of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons. In addition, the government issued a draft law in 2009 to ban on production, fabrication, receipt storage, transport and use of nuclear, chemical, biological and radiation weapons.
Cambodia ratified the NPT in 1972. Cambodia resumed its membership with IAEA in 2009 after its membership lasted from 1958 to 2003. It ratified the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material in 2006. In 2012, The National Assembly of Cambodia on Wednesday ratified two international conventions on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency and Nuclear Safety to maintain peace, security, safety, and to prevent nuclear proliferation.
At the regional level, Cambodia acceded to the Southeast Asia Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty in 1997. During its chairmanship of ASEAN in 2012, Cambodia successfully convinced the five nuclear weapons states to sign the protocol to the treaty.
At the national level, Cambodia with cooperation from the US arrested four suspects of the Jemaah Islamiyah network in 2003. Cambodia drafted and ratified its first anti-terrorism law in 2007.
Foreign Minister’s Remarks at the UN GA in 2011
- It is necessary and urgent to finalize “global convention of the United Nations on terrorism”
- Cambodia was happy to see the agreement between US and Russia on Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty
- Encouraged other states to sign the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
- Reiterated the significance of SEANWFZ and expected nuclear weapons states to accede to it
Prime Minister’s remarks at NAM Conference, 2012
- The Non Proliferation Treaty (NPT) on Nuclear Weapons should be universalized and the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTST) should be ratified by NAM members without further delay.
- At the same time, we should also emphasize on the undisputed rights of the countries in using nuclear energy for the purpose of peace and development.
2. Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI)
Launched on May 31, 2003, the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI) is a global effort that aims to stop trafficking of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), their delivery systems, and related materials to and from states and non-state actors of proliferation concern.
Cambodia participated in PSI exercises in 2006 and endorsed the PSI statement of interdiction principles and became the participating state of PSI in 2008. The principles are: Interdict transfers to and from states and non-state actors of proliferation concern to the extent of their capabilities and legal authorities; develop procedures to facilitate exchange of information with other countries; strengthen national legal authorities to facilitate interdiction; and take specific actions in support of interdiction efforts. In 2009, the US supports Cambodia in strengthening port control over strategic goods.