Cambodia and Regional Security Architecture

Cambodian Prime Minister Samdech Techo Hun Sen’s Remarks relating to regional security architecture

On the issue of maritime security, especially South China Sea, Cambodia views that all parties should firmly adhere to dialogue approach and implement the existing ASEAN-China mechanisms including the full and effective implementation of the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea (DOC) and the early conclusion of Code of Conduct in South China Sea (COC). At the same time, all parties should promote joint activities based on early harvest approach to build mutual confidence and trust. PM Hun Sen’s Remarks at the 27th ASEAN Summit in November 2015.

Maintaining regional peace and security is indispensable for ASEAN’s prosperity and inclusive growth in the entire ASEAN region. In this regard, ASEAN has to further strengthen its capacity and role in the discussions and cooperation mechanisms with ASEAN Dialogue Partners to address issues related to regional peace and security. These tasks should be addressed along with the on-going efforts in implementing these priorities under the ASEAN Political-Security Community blueprint. Moreover, ASEAN must promote the effective functioning of existing mechanisms to ensure regional security and peace, such as the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation (TAC) in Southeast Asia, the Southeast Asia Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone (SEANWFZ) Treaty, the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea (DOC), the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), the ADMM-Plus and the ASEAN Convention on Counter-Terrorism. In addition, we also expect that the official launch of the ASEAN Institute for Peace and Reconciliation (AIPR), and the adoption of the ASEAN Human Rights Declaration at the 21st ASEAN Summit will further promote peace, security, reconciliation and protection of human rights in the region.

We should continue to work together to maintain ASEAN centrality in the regional architecture and further strengthen cooperation with our partners at all levels, especially through the ASEAN plus One and ASEAN plus Three frameworks based on concrete strategies and action plans on economic cooperation including trade. We should also be more active in providing recommendations and undertaking measures to enhance the operational efficiency of ASEAN-led regional cooperation frameworks to respond to the global challenges, including security, terrorism, transnational crime, natural disasters, climate change, and maritime security and safety.  (keyword: ASEAN centrality, institutionalized cooperation, concrete implementation)—Opening Statement of the 21st ASEAN Summit, November 2012.

ASEAN Leaders’ dialogue with the ASEAN Inter-parliamentary Assembly (AIPA), representatives of civil society organizations and youth representatives is another integral part of our effort to transform ASEAN into a people-centered community and increase its relevance for the ASEAN people. (Keyword: multi-stakeholders’ approach)——We have successfully promoted “ASEAN Centrality” in the framework of regional cooperation and community building such as ASEAN Plus One with dialogue partners namely ASEAN-China, ASEAN-Japan, ASEAN-Korea, ASEAN-India, and ASEAN-US, ASEAN+3, ARF, East Asia Summit, and ASEAN Defense Ministers’ Meeting Plus (ADMM Plus). (Keyword: ASEAN Centrality)–Address at the 20th ASEAN Summit, April 2012

Stepping up efforts and working closely with each other at national, regional and global levels to fight against the spread of the illicit use of small arm’s and light weapons and their cross border transfers. This task is critically important for both personal security and the fight against terrorism. (Keyword: National-Regional-Global Partnership)–Remarks at Non-Aligned Movement Summit, August 2012

We should forge a closer cooperation between the ARF and ADMM Plus (ASEAN Defense Ministers’ Meeting Plus) as the two mechanisms provide the synergy to reinforce regional confidence building. (Keyword: Connecting regional security institutions/mechanisms)–Address at the 19th ASEAN Summit, November 2011

ASEAN should devise a concrete strategy to better coordinate positions among members in order to deal with important global issues such as climate change, deforestation, global financial crisis, the promotion of global free trade, fighting transnational crimes and terrorism, so on and so forth. This requires us to strengthen the capacity of the ASEAN Secretariat to discharge the responsibility of coordinating positions of ASEAN Member States, to represent and defend common ASEAN’s positions and strategy on the international arena. (Keyword: ASEAN’s common position on global issues)–Address at the 19th ASEAN Summit (Retreat), November 2011

I highly appreciate the proposal on the establishment of the ASEAN Institute for Peace and Reconciliation. I believe that the Institute will help ASEAN to create a real mechanism for dispute settlement in the region. (Keyword: Requirement of dispute settlement mechanism)–Address at the 18th ASEAN Summit, May 2011

While the geopolitical landscape of East Asia is evolving rapidly, ASEAN should further strengthen its institutional and internal mechanisms so that ASEAN can continue to be in the driver’s seat in coordinating with dialogue partners, especially the big powers, thus ensuring long lasting stability, peace and economic development. (Keyword: Institutional strengthening)——We witness that ASEAN’s role and reputation are rising in the regional and international forums, due to two important factors: first, ASEAN’s centrality role in many regional processes over the past; and second, ASEAN’s important contributions to key international forums including the G20 and cooperation with the United Nations. (Keyword: ASEAN centrality and contributions)–Address at the 18th ASEAN Summit (Retreat), May 2011

 

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